Reading is a method of communication that enables a person to turn writing into meaning.
These skills might not necessarily be learned as rigid theories or rules but if understood well once they can definitely enhance the reading skills and increase the quality and quantity of output that we get from after reading.
The followings are seven styles/techniques of reading used in different situations:
Scanning through the text is a reading strategy that is used for getting some specific points by looking at the whole text.
For highlighting the important points of a book the readers can skim through the summary or the preface or the beginning and end chapters of that book.
This technique is used for looking up a name from the telephone guidebook.
This reading technique is used for getting the gist of the whole text lead. We generally use this technique at the time of reading a newspaper or magazine.
Under this technique, we read quickly to get the main points and skip over the detail.
It is useful in getting a preview of a passage before reading it in detail or reviving understandings of a passage after reading it in detail.
Active Reading Style
Active reading aims to get an in-depth understanding of the text. Under this technique, the reader actively involved with the text while reading it.
Getting in-depth knowledge of the text at hand is not possible by reading to skim through or scan through the text.
This technique is used for extracting information accurately from the whole text. Under this technique, we read every word for understanding the meaning of the text.
In this careful reading, we can skim the text first for getting a general idea and then go back to read in detail. We can use a dictionary to find the meaning of every unfamiliar word.
Speed-reading is actually a combination of various reading methods.
The aim of speed-reading is basically to increase the reading speed without compromising the understanding of the text reading. Some of the strategies used in speed reading are as follows:
- Identifying words without focusing on each letter;
- Not to sounding-out all words;
- Not sub-vocalizing some phrases;
- Spending less time on some phrases than others;
- Skimming small sections.
This is an interesting reading technique suggested by Mortimer Adler in his book How to Read a Book.
This reading technique is mainly applicable to non-fiction writing. This technique suggests reading as per the three following patterns:
- Studying the structure of the work;
- Studying the logical propositions made and organized into chains of inference;
- Evaluation of the merits of the arguments and conclusions.
Reading is the basic foundation on which academic skills of individuals are built. As we know the paramount importance of reading, it is given the top priority in primary education.
Many believe that reading is a true measure of a person’s success in academics. Most of the subjects taught to us are based on a simple concept – read, understand, analyze, synthesize, and get information.